Spire London

Spire London is a landmark development to establish Greenland’s reputation in the UK. The site is at the western end of the North Dock within West India Quay. The development will deliver 869 high quality homes in a mixture of tenures within a bespoke 67 storey tower of exceptional quality. Extensive communal amenities include dedicated child-play space, gym, swimming pool and meeting facilities to deliver a high quality and sociable living environment. Flexible ground floor space and interactive landscape features help animate the public realm. The tower height is limited to 235 m by the London City Airport flight exclusion zone.


Key technical challenges

  • A 4m Thick Piled Raft spanning 14.5m over the Crossrail Exclusion Zone and supported on 2.1m diameter piles up to 70m long.
  • Development of a Linked Y-Shaped Core to control lateral torsional response of the building.
  • Y-Shaped Transfer Structure at Eastern Tip taking 60 floors of building load into 2 columns to avoid basement driving-aisle below. Circa 60MN of load through each system.
  • Axial strain shortening considerations accounted for within column design to limit differential movement across the floor plates.
  • ‘Walking Columns’ used at high levels to achieve terracing profile and minimise transfers to keep slab profile to 200mm typically

Include Crossrail tunnels within the building footprint, high foundation loads and a ‘Y’ shaped plan. RBG technical solutions include:

Key technical innovation

To achieve the extremely high required foundation capacities, piles of up to 2.1m in diameter extend to 70m below ground level into the underlying Grade A Chalk. To validate the pile design, two preliminary load tests using Osterburg Cells will be constructed and loaded to failure. This will be the first time in London where such tests have extended into the Chalk.

Year Completed: 

Due 2020

Building metrics: 

No of apartments: 869

No of floors: 67

Height: 235m

Site area: 5300m2




Greenland Hertsmere London Ltd



RBG Role:

Structural, Civil and

Geotechnical engineering design.

Additional Information

Additional information is available for you to view regarding services and sectors RBG provide.


Robert Bird Group provide outstanding innovative and buildable structural design solutions in all sectors across the globe.



Robert Bird Group’s Civil Engineers provide engineering design services from concept and planning through detailed design on to construction and maintenance, with the potential for ongoing management and advice for the operating life of a project.



Robert Bird Group provides in-house geotechnical services to both buildings and infrastructure projects within the London and Dubai offices.



Residential developments define the modern city – where and how we live drives urban spread, social cohesion, and plays a huge part in quality of life, for all of us.


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